This learning area is designed to provide a general background for the understanding of the Earth on a planetary scale. It presents the history
of the Earth through geologic time. It discusses the Earth’s structure and composition, the processes that occur beneath and on the Earth’s surface, as well as issues,
concerns, and problems pertaining to Earth’s resources.
It aims to develop scientific literacy among students to "prepare them to be informed and participative citizens who are able to make judgements and decisions regarding application of scientific knowledge that may have social, health or environmental impacts".
This contains 4 Units:
- Earth and Space
- Force, Motion and Energy
- Living Things and Their Environment
Standard Competencies: To show deep understanding and appreciation for people's collaborative effort and responses to global challenges despite huge differences in geography, history, culture, society, government, and economy toward achieving a peaceful, progressive, and secured future.
Biology 2 is designed to enhance the understanding of the principles and concepts in the study of biology, particularly heredity and variation, and the diversity of living organisms, their structure, function, and evolution. Learners learn that organisms have feedback mechanisms that are coordinated by the nervous and endocrine systems. These mechanisms help the organisms maintain homeostasis to reproduce and survive. Learners are introduced to the structure of the DNA molecule and its function. They also learn that changes that take place in sex cells are inherited while changes in body cells are not passed on. Learners revisit the mechanisms involved in the inheritance of traits and the changes that result from these mechanisms. Learners explain how natural selection has produced a succession of diverse new species. Variation increases the chance of living things to survive in a changing environment.
Physics 1 involves the study of matter and energy and the interaction between them. In this course, you’ll investigate the science that describes and explains the nature and behavior of physical systems. This subject includes the study of mechanics of particles, rigid bodies, and fluids; waves; and heat and thermodynamics using the methods and concepts of algebra, geometry,
trigonometry, graphical analysis, and basic calculus. This learning resource hopes to engage the learners into guided and independent learning activities at their own pace and time. Furthermore, this also aims to help learners acquire the needed 21st century skills while taking into consideration their needs and circumstances.
Biology I is a Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Specialized Subject taken in the first half of Grades 11/12. Learners go on a journey geared toward the deeper understanding and appreciation of life processes at the cellular and molecular levels previously introduced in Grades 7-10. They will also apply basic chemistry and physics principles as they examine the transformation of energy in organisms.
Implementing this course at the senior high school level is subject to numerous challenges with mastery of content among educators tapped to facilitate learning and a lack of resources to deliver the necessary content and develop skills and attitudes in the learners, being foremost among these.
This subject is designed to enhance the understanding of the principles and concepts in the study of biology, particularly life processes at the cellular
and molecular levels. It also covers the transformation of energy in organisms.
At the end of Grade 8, learners can describe the factors that affect the motion of an object based on the Laws of Motion. They can differentiate
the concept of work as used in science and in layman’s language. They know the factors that affect the transfer of energy, such as temperature
difference, and the type (solid, liquid, or gas) of the medium.
Learners can explain how active faults generate earthquakes and how tropical cyclones originate from warm ocean waters. They recognize other
members of the solar system.
Learners can explain the behavior of matter in terms of the particles it is made of. They recognize that ingredients in food and medical products
are made up of these particles and are absorbed by the body in the form of ions.
Learners recognize reproduction as a process of cell division resulting in growth of organisms. They have delved deeper into the process of
digestion as studied in the lower grades, giving emphasis on proper nutrition for overall wellness. They can participate in activities that protect
and conserve economically important species used for food.
Health Education for Grade 7 focuses on the physical, mental, emotional, as well as the social, moral and spiritual dimensions of holistic health. It enables the learners to acquire essential knowledge, attitudes, and skills that are necessary to promote good nutrition; to prevent and control diseases; to prevent substance misuse and abuse; to reduce health-related risk behaviors; to prevent and control injuries with the end-view of maintaining and improving personal, family, community, as well as global health. Health Education emphasizes the development of positive heath attitudes and relevant skills in order to achieve a good quality of living. Thus, the focus on skills development is explicitly demonstrated in the primary grade levels. Meanwhile, a comprehensive body of knowledge is provided in the upper year levels to serve as a foundation in developing desirable health attitudes, habits and practices. In order to facilitate the development of health literacy competencies, the teacher is highly encouraged to use developmentally-appropriate learner-centered teaching approaches. This includes scaffolding on student experience and prior learning; utilizing culture-responsive scenarios and materials; incorporating arts, and music in imparting health messages; engaging learners in meaningful games and cooperative learning activities; and using life skills and value-based strategies particularly in discussing sensitive topics such as substance abuse and sexuality. The teacher is also advised to use differentiated instruction in order to cater to the learners’ various needs and abilities. The learner demonstrates an understanding of growth and development; nutrition; personal health and injury prevention, safety and first aid to achieve, sustain, and promote personal health and wellness.
At the end of Grade 7, learners can distinguish mixtures from substances through semi-guided investigations. They realize the importance of air
testing when conducting investigations. After studying how organ systems work together in plants and animals in the lower grade levels, learners
can use a microscope when observing very small organisms and structures. They recognize that living things are organized into different levels:
Cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, and organisms. These organisms comprise populations and communities, which interact with non-living
things in ecosystems.
Learners can describe the motion of objects in terms of distance and speed, and represent this in tables, graphs, charts, and equations. They can
describe how various forms of energy travel through different mediums.
Learners describe what makes up the Philippines as a whole and the resources found in the archipelago. They can explain the occurrence of
breezes, monsoons, and ITCZ, and how these weather systems affect people. They can explain why seasons change and demonstrate how
A study of representative works of world literature from Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and the Renaissance. The course emphasizes the study and consideration of the literary, cultural, and human significance of selected great works of the Western and non-Western literary traditions. An important goal of the class is to promote an understanding of the works in their cultural/historical contexts and of the enduring human values which unite the different literary traditions. The course's pedagogy gives special attention to critical thinking and writing within a framework of cultural diversity as well as comparative and interdisciplinary analysis.
This course is a study of the literatures of America, with a background in English Literature. The English literary tradition starts with Beowulf up to the present and American literature begins during its Romantic period up to the present. However, the chosen selections are simply representative of the major periods of these two countries’ otherwise vast and stellar literary traditions.
Ang Sinag ng Wikang Filipino 10 ay may pananaw na pangdaigdigan. Sinimulan ito sa pagpapatatag ng paniniwala sa Diyos sa mga parabulang pinili nang may pagsasaalang-alang at lubos na paggalang sa pagtalakay ng mga paniniwala at gawi na maka pag-uugnay sa mga nananampalataya anuman ang kinabibilngang relihiyon. Ang mga mitolohiya na nagpapakilala sa pinagmulan ng sanlibutan at kung paano ang bawat bansa sa daigfid ay pinag-ugnay ng mga kultura at tradisiyon ng mga etnolingwistikong pangkat na pinag-uugatan ng lahat ng lahi ng sanlibutan; ang kanilang paraan ng pamumuhay mula sa pagkakatuklas ng apoy hanggang sa unti-unting paglinang at ugnayang tao sa kanyang kapaligiran na humubog sa daigdig at nagbunson ng pagkakatuklas ng marami pang makabuluhang kagamitan at mga pamamaraan sa pamumuhay bunga ng katalinuhan at pangangailangang kaisa ang kalikasan. Mga talumpati mula sa iba't ibang bantog na personalidad sa pilisopikal at sistematikong pagpapaliwang at paghahanay ng kaisipan sa mga paksang tumutugon sa pandaigdigang pagpapahalagang moral bilang saligan na paglinang ng pamumuhay.
Sinag ng Wikang Filipino 9 ay kinapapaluoban ng kamalayang Asyano sa pakikipag-ugnayan sa mga kalapit na bansa, paggalang sa kultura, at kalinangang malapit din sa ating puso sapagkat nasa iisang kontinente. Ang kalipunan ng mga akda ay maingat na tinipon, binigyang pagpapakahulugan nang may lubos na pagsasaalang-alang sa mga tradisyon at paniniwalang nakapaloob sa bawat bansa, na sa huli'y may layuing mapagbuklod ng hangaring pang Asyano.
Ang Sinag ng Wikang Filipino 8 ay binubo ng kalipunan ng mga pabitikang pambansa na nagpapakilala sa mga Pilipino bilang masining at malikhain sa paghabi ng mga tula, balgtasan, at dula. Ang tilamsik ng diwa ng mga manunulat na Pilipino sa pagpapahayag ng masimbuyong damdamin sa pamamagitan ng maharayang pagpapahayag ay nagpapakilala na ang mga Pilipino'y sadyang puno ng aliw-iw, at masintahin sa pagsayaw sa saliw ng musikang pumapailanlang sa kanilang balintataw upang maipahayag ang mga mithiin; pangarap; at mga damdamin maging ito man ay pag-ibig sa minamahal, sa kapwa-tao, at sa bayang nililiyag.
Ang Sinag ng Wikang Filipino, Gramatika at Panitikan sa baitang 7 ay sumasakop sa tatlong malalaking pulo ng Pilipinas. Ang unang yunit ay mga akdang pampanitikang na sasalamin sa Mindanao; ang ikalawang yunit ay panitikang repleksiyon ng kabisayaan. Ang ikatlong yunit ay panatikan ng Luzon na larawan ng pagkakakilanlan. Ang mga panitikang nakapaloob sa mga ito ay ang mga sumusunod: kuwentong-bayan, pabula, epiko, maikling kuwento, dula, mga bulong at awiting bayan, alamat, mga tulang panudyo, tugmang de gulong, palaisipan, mito, at sanaysay.
Ang Pagbasa at Pagsusuri ng Iba't ibang Teksto Tungo sa Pananaliksik ay pag-aaral sa proseso ng pagbasa at pagsusuri ng iba’t ibang anyo at uri ng teksto na nakatutulong sa pagbuo at pagsulat ng sistematikong